Debian 11 Bullseye with Zoneminder 1.36.x

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Updated 20OCT22 for shell script install.

Debian 11 Bullseye is being released with Zoneminder 1.34.23 and as usual for Debian the zm database needs to be created manually. This is not user friendly and 1.34 is considered old and unsupported. So we will be using the packages provided by the ZoneMinder development team hosted at

Note: We currently only package for amd64 and armhf so if your are running something else this won't work.

Debian, unlike Ubuntu, does not install sudo with the initial setup. While you can log in as root, a user with sudo authority is recommended.

To enable sudo: In a terminal,become root with su. Enter your root password. Install sudo with:

apt install sudo

Add the user account to the group sudo with:

/sbin/adduser username sudo 

where username is your user account. Exit root then log out and then log in with the same user.

Timezone: it is recommended you set your specific timesone with:

sudo timedatectl set-timezone America/New_York

Of course use your timezone in place of America/New_York.

1. Install Debian 11 (Bullseye), desktop or server version, along with Apache2, PHP and your favorite database (Mariadb recommended). A quick way to install LAMP is:

sudo apt install apache2 mariadb-server php libapache2-mod-php php-mysql lsb-release gnupg2

Secure MySQL or Mariadb, create root password et. al.


Mariadb additional settings The default values for the database are adequate for initial setup. However, I recommend you make these changes before installing Zoneminder. Note: If you have sufficient memory double the values below. Edit the Mariadb config file:

sudo nano /etc/mysql/mariadb.conf.d/50-server.cnf

Add the following in the [mysql] area:

innodb_file_per_table = ON
innodb_buffer_pool_size = 256M
innodb_log_file_size = 64M

CTRL+o then [Enter] to save

CTRL+x to exit

Reatart Mariadb:

sudo service mysql restart

I recommend you install mysqltuner and run it from time to time and adjust the database settings as the number of saved events grows. _________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

New install process with a shell script!

Become root with sudo su before running this!

Shell script file contents:

read -p "This script installs ZoneMinder 1.36.x on Debian 11 with LAMP (MySQL or Mariadb) installed...
This script must be run as root!
Press Enter to continue or Ctrl + c to quit" nothing
apt install -y lsb-release gnupg2
echo "deb "`lsb_release  -c -s`"/" | sudo tee /etc/apt/sources.list.d/zoneminder.list
wget -O - | sudo apt-key add -
read -p "Warning! Check above to insure the line says OK. If not the GPG signing key was not installed and you will need to figure out why before continuing. 
Press enter to continue" nothing
apt update
apt install -y zoneminder
systemctl enable zoneminder
service zoneminder start
adduser www-data video
a2enconf zoneminder
a2enmod rewrite
a2enmod headers
a2enmod expires
service apache2 reload
read -p "Install complete. Open Zoneminder/Options and set the timezone. Press enter to continue" nothing

Copy the contents of the script, open a terminal and run:

nano zm-install

Paste the contents of the script into Nano


Ctrl + o Ctrl + x

Next run:

chmod 755 zm-install

Start the script by entering:


Follow the prompts. Things are pretty simple. The timezone is now set in Zoneminder/Options.

Good Luck!


Old procedure retained for reference

2. Add Zoneminder's repo to your APT configuration:

echo "deb "`lsb_release  -c -s`"/" | sudo tee /etc/apt/sources.list.d/zoneminder.list

3. Add Zoneminder's GPG signing key:

wget -O - | sudo apt-key add -

4. Update package indexes and install the package

sudo apt update 
sudo apt install zoneminder=1.36.31-bullseye1

5. Enable the systemd service and apache configuration

sudo systemctl enable zoneminder.service
sudo systemctl start zoneminder
sudo a2enconf zoneminder
sudo a2enmod rewrite headers expires
sudo service apache2 reload

6. Open Zoneminder http://(IP-Address)/zm

7. Change the Timezone in Options-Timezone