Ubuntu Server 18.04 64-bit with Zoneminder 1.32.x the easy way

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Things to check before installing Zoneminder on Bionic!

We recommend you read the release notes to see what has changed in this version. The release notes can be found here: https://github.com/ZoneMinder/zoneminder/releases

There have been some reports of the install failing. We feel this is due to missing repositories in the sources.list. You can check this by running

nano /etc/apt/sources.list

Look for the universe repositories of which there should be three, bionic universe, bionic-updates universe and bionic-security universe

See: https://help.ubuntu.com/community/Repositories/CommandLine

Install Zoneminder on Ubuntu 18.04 with shell script

This will install Zoneminder by using a shell script with one basic command (how easy is that!).

You will need a Ubuntu 18.04 install with LAMP (Apache, MySQL and PHP) installed desktop or server. As an alternate you may use Mariadb in lieu of MySQL

Shell script file contents:

#!/bin/sh
clear
read -p "This script installs Zoneminder 1.32.x on Ubuntu 18.04 AMD64 with LAMP (MySQL) installed...
Press Enter to continue or Ctrl + c to quit" nothing
clear
read -p "You must be logged in as root using sudo su ...
Press Enter to continue or Ctrl + c to quit" nothing
clear
read -p "Next we will add the PPA repository, install and configure the system to run Zoneminder. 
Press enter to continue" nothing
apt install -y software-properties-common
clear
add-apt-repository ppa:iconnor/zoneminder-1.32
apt update
clear
awk '$0="date.timezone = "$0' /etc/timezone >> /etc/php/7.2/apache2/php.ini
clear
apt install -y zoneminder
systemctl enable zoneminder
service zoneminder start
adduser www-data video
a2enconf zoneminder
a2enmod rewrite
chown -R www-data:www-data /usr/share/zoneminder/
service apache2 reload
clear
read -p "Install complete.Press enter to continue" nothing
clear

Copy the contents of the script, open a terminal and run:

nano zm-install

Paste the contents of the script into Nano

Then:

Ctrl + o
Ctrl + x

Next run:

chmod 755 zm-install

Start the script by entering:

./zm-install

Follow the prompts. Things are pretty simple. The timezone will be detected from the OS and added to the php.ini.

Good Luck!

While this script worked for me I can't be responsible if you loose data when you run this. It is intended for a new install not an upgrade.

Install Apache2, Mariadb, PHP and Zoneminder on Ubuntu 18.04 with shell script

I created this to install Zoneminder on a Raspberry Pi 3B+ 64 BIT version of Bionic. Should work with other flavors of Bionic

See above for use

#!/bin/sh
clear
read -p "This script installs Apache2, Mariadb Server, PHP and Zoneminder 1.32.x on Ubuntu 18.04 ...
Press Enter to continue or Ctrl + c to quit" nothing
clear
read -p "You must be logged in as root using sudo su ...
Press Enter to continue or Ctrl + c to quit" nothing
apt install -y apache2 php mariadb-server php-mysql libapache2-mod-php7.2
clear
read -p "Next secure MySQL server by entering requested information. Press enter to continue" nothing
mysql_secure_installation
clear
read -p "Next we will add the PPA repository, install and configure the system to run Zoneminder. 
Press enter to continue" nothing
apt install -y software-properties-common
clear
add-apt-repository ppa:iconnor/zoneminder-1.32
apt update
clear
awk '$0="date.timezone = "$0' /etc/timezone >> /etc/php/7.2/apache2/php.ini
clear
apt install -y zoneminder
systemctl enable zoneminder
service zoneminder start
adduser www-data video
a2enconf zoneminder
a2enmod rewrite
chown -R www-data:www-data /usr/share/zoneminder/
service apache2 reload
clear
read -p "Install complete.Press enter to continue" nothing
clear

Ubuntu 18.04 LEMP (NGNIX, Mariadb, PHP)

Thanks to "terdinglage" for the input to get this to work!

Start with a basic Ubuntu 18.04 install. You can use a server or desktop install. Do not install LAMP!

Become root

sudo su

Install Ngnix, Mariadb and PHP components

apt install nginx mariadb-server php-fpm php-mysql fcgiwrap

Secure the Mariadb server

mysql_secure_installation

Restart Mariadb

systemctl restart mysql

Edit the php.ini file

nano /etc/php/7.2/fpm/php.ini

Locate (Ctrl+w) cgi.fix_pathinfo=1 and change to

cgi.fix_pathinfo=0

Remember to remove the leading ;

Also fix date. Search for [Date] (Ctrl + w then type Date and press Enter) and make changes as follows for your time zone. Make sure to remove the ; from the front of date.timezone

[Date]
; Defines the default timezone used by the date functions
; http://php.net/date.timezone
date.timezone = America/New_York

Ctrl+o Enter to save

CTRL+x to exit

Restart php-fpm

systemctl restart php7.2-fpm


Add Repository

NOTE:You may need to run: "apt install software-properties-common" if you did the minimal net install of Ubuntu.

add-apt-repository ppa:iconnor/zoneminder-1.32


Install Zoneminder

apt install zoneminder

Create a new user if you plan to use local (USB or capture card) cameras.

adduser www-data video

Fix Permissions

chown -R www-data:www-data /usr/share/zoneminder/

Change the ZM_PATH_ZMS in the 01-system-paths.conf file to /cgi-bin/nph-zms by dropping the /zm/

nano /etc/zm/conf.d/01-system-paths.conf

Ctrl+o Enter to save

CTRL+x to exit

Enable and start Zoneminder

systemctl enable zoneminder
service zoneminder start


Edit the Ngnix default configuration.

nano /etc/nginx/sites-available/default

Locate the line "index index.html index.htm index.nginx-debian.html;" and add index.php

index index.php index.html index.htm index.nginx-debian.html;

In the "server" section after listen [::] :80 default_Server; add

include /etc/nginx/zoneminder.conf;

Ctrl+o Enter to save

CTRL+x to exit

Create a Zoneminder conf file

nano /etc/nginx/zoneminder.conf

Enter the following into the zoneminder.conf file (This file was improved by databoy2k)

location /cgi-bin {
auth_basic off;
        alias /usr/lib/zoneminder/cgi-bin;     
        include fastcgi_params;
        fastcgi_param SCRIPT_FILENAME $request_filename;
        fastcgi_param HTTP_PROXY "";
        fastcgi_pass unix:/var/run/fcgiwrap.socket;
}
location /zm/cache {
auth_basic off;
        alias /var/cache/zoneminder/cache;
}
location ~ /zm/api/(css|img|ico) {
auth_basic off;
        rewrite ^/zm/api(.+)$ /api/app/webroot/$1 break;
        try_files $uri $uri/ =404;
}
location /zm {
auth_basic off;
        alias /usr/share/zoneminder/www;
        try_files $uri $uri/ /index.php?$args =404;    
        location /zm/api {
auth_basic off;
                rewrite ^/zm/api(.+)$ /zm/api/app/webroot/index.php?p=$1 last;
         }
                location ~ \.php$ {
                auth_basic off;
                        include fastcgi_params;
                        fastcgi_param SCRIPT_FILENAME $request_filename;
                        fastcgi_param HTTP_PROXY "";
                fastcgi_index index.php;
                        fastcgi_pass unix:/var/run/php/php7.2-fpm.sock;
        }
    }

Ctrl+o Enter to save

CTRL+x to exit

Restart Ngnix

service nginx restart

Note: If Nginx gives you an error on restart go back one step and re-enter include /etc/ngnix/zoneminder.conf;

Note: 29JUL18 Thanks to Tiver for this suggestion that seems to work with the fcgiwrap issue.

If it does not exist create

nano /etc/default/fcgiwrap

and insert (with the number of children -c equal to the number of cameras)

DAEMON_OPTS=-c 10

then restart the fcgiwrap service.

systemctl restart fcgiwrap